American scientist shares Nobel Prize for work in laser physics

Trio Win Nobel Physics Prize For Work On Laser Physics

Strickland became the third woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics, joining Maria Goeppert-Mayer (1963) and Marie Curie (1903). The team created ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulses, essentially packing more light than standard lasers in the same tiny space.

The CERN controversy - and the overall lack of female Nobel winners - has highlighted the obstacles that women often face in science fields, particularly in physics.

Arthur Ashkin was awarded the prestigious prize for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems. "I'm honored to be one of those women", Strickland said, according to the Nobel Prize Foundation.

Gerard Mourou, another victor of the Nobel Physics prize this year, is the founding Director of the Centre for Ultra-fast Optical Science. Their technique is called chirped pulse amplification (CPA). "Advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications".

She is a Canadian scientist at the University of Waterloo and winning the prize almost after 55 years ended the dry spell for women winning the prestigious laurel.

The Nobel Prize in Physics will be officially presented at ceremonies in Stockholm, Sweden on December 10.

"I am very, very happy to share this distinction with my former student Donna Strickland and also to share it with Art Ashkin, for whom I have a lot of respect".

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Strickland is only the third woman to ever win the Nobel physics prize. As a result of this work, he won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1997.

Optical tweezers are, and have been, used to assemble cells to form intricate bio-networks, to manipulate atoms to undergo specific chemical reactions and to study how proteins interact with DNA.

Her win comes a day after Europe's physics research center CERN suspended an Italian scientist, Alessandro Strumia, for telling a seminar at the organization's Swiss headquarters last week that physics was "invented and built by men". Take a short laser pulse, stretch it in time, amplify it and squeeze it together again.

Olga Botner of Uppsala University, a member of the Nobel Committee, added, in response to a question about the number of female nominees for the award, that "the percentage reflects the percentage of women as they were in previous years ... two or three decades back in time".

The economics prize, which is not technically a Nobel, will be announced on 8 October.

The victor or winners of the Nobel chemistry prize will be announced Wednesday, followed by the peace prize on Friday.

2015 - Takaaki Kajita and Arthur McDonald were awarded the prize the discovery that neutrinos switch between different "flavours".

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